Doctors Bell and Kozakowski recommend using gap analysis to aid students (in this case medical students at all levels) in evaluating their current competency levels and developing a plan for improvement.
Medical schools typically define the core competencies that their students must meet upon the completion of classes, and at the end of the program. At the residency level, physicians must demonstrate achievement in the general competency categories, as identified by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education:
- Patient Care
- Medical Knowledge
- Practice-Based Learning and Improvement
- Interpersonal/Communication Skills
- Systems-based practice.
Using gap analysis.
The authors describe the process of incorporating gap analysis into this type of self-evaluation. They mention four main steps:
- "Articulate a desired future state"
- "Describe the current state"
- "Examine internal and external issues that must be addressed to progress from the current state to the desired future state"
- "Delineate strategies and tactics that will ensure that the 'gap' between current state and desired future state is narrowed"
In the article's summary, the authors indicate that, at the time of publication, there had been no formal evaluation of this technique's effectiveness in this application.