According to the authors' research, role-play is used as a training method to acquire knowledge, attitudes, and skils in a range of disciplines and with learners of different ages. Role-play in particular is a type of simulaiotn that focuses attention on the interaction of people with one another and emphasizes the functions performed by different people under various circumstances. Role-play can be fully scripted or partially scripted. Players can rotate through roles or new information can be added into the role-play.
Of the 284 students who completed forms, 199 had prior experience with role-play. 221 students reported role-play to be valuable for learning while the remainder reported it to be not valuable. After the role-play, 274 students reported that role-play had been helpful for leaning. Unhelpful experiences focused on emptional responses that impede learning, such as embarrasment, intimidation, or anxiety. Overall, role-play was reported to be an effective means of learning communication skills, desptite prior negative experiences with role-play.
- students gained insight into their own and others' behavior
- increased understanding of certain issues
- increased communication skills
- players get immediate feedback
- players not taking role-play seriously
- lack of realism in roles, setting, or tasks