This article focuses on evaluating the two primary categories of counter-terrorism policies, the offensive and defensive counter-terrorism policies. The authors explain why most countries rely on defensive efforts rather than offensive activities. According to the authors’ game theory is an extremely useful methodology to examine terrorism because it demonstrates strategic interactions of opposing interests of terrorists and the governments being targeted. Game theory characterizes interfaces among terrorists and their targets based on offensive and defensive activities between both parties. Game theory can be applied to negotiations between terrorists and governments.
The authors focused on further analyzing whether a government’s policy of not negotiating with terrorist hostage takers will prevent other terrorists from taking hostages. The idea behind this is that if the terrorist know they have nothing to gain, then they will not resort to this type of activity. This belief has become one of the four pillars of US policy regarding transitional terrorism. Based on game theory, this type of ideology characterizes failure because past concessions indicate that the government has special consideration depending on the situation and some terrorist organizations may still benefit from failures through heavenly rewards or through media exposure. Through global networking, terrorist organizations have managed to limit the effectiveness of countries defensive efforts. The authors emphasize that international corporation among the government is necessary to combat terrorism.
This article provided five advantages of the game theory for intelligence purposes. However, the authors’ did not have enough examples to properly show the effect of game theory in reducing terrorism. Only two examples were presented that managed to portray the role of game theory in combating terrorism through negotiations. Additionally, I disagree with the idea that terrorists will naturally seek the weakest link or most unstable countries to target for attacks. By targeting the weakest link, the terrorists will only gain pleasure in thinking that they will gain a heavenly reward for committing such an act. Also, the weakest link may not have the capability to provide ransom money for hostages. Therefore, the terrorists will not gain any monetary benefits from taking hostages. Lastly, the authors’ failed to mention the limitations of the study.
Mangladevi, M., & Dhaigude, R. (n.d.). Role of game theory in eliminating terrorism. (2013). International Journal of Advanced Computer and Mathematical Sciences, 4(1), 685-689. Retrieved from http://bipublication.com/files/IJCMS-V4I1-2013-15.pdf